Population growth in temporal and spatial prospective, with its impact upon economy and society in district Bareilly.
DR. SITA RAM RAJPUT
Department of Geography
Bareilly College, Bareilly.
Introduction :-Growth of population reflects the history of man’s response to the environment (Sharma, 1978). It exerts considerable pressure on the economy of a society and change the ecosystem by making technological advances (Premi and others, 1983). The Demographic structure of a region are also changed with growing population, Gosal (1948) has rightly remarked that “precise description and interpretation of the spatial pattern of population change are an integral part of the population geography. it is most particularly in the present context” (Gosal, 1984).The analysis of population growth of a region is a major issue to understanding not only its problems but also for future planning at the local and regional levels, because the task of providing food, schooling, employment, health facilities, housing etc. for the increasing numbers in staggering (Agrawala, S.N.1978)with the increasing rate of population. Here an attempt has been made to discuss the population growth in temporal and spatial prospective, with its impact upon economy and society in the study area.Methodology:-In this study two types methodology adopted first is data collection and second one is data analysis and mapping. Data related to population characteristics were collected from published and unpublished district census Handbooks (1961, 71, 81, 91 and 2001) of district Bareilly. Town Directory and Population tables of U.P. (Series) have also been used. Most of the data are transformed into standard scores by using the formula: Where X is the original value. is the mean,SD is the standard deviation.Although this method of data grouping presents a generalized, picture, but it is recognized as a scientific method. following this method all data have been grouped in four categories at an interval of ± 1 standard deviation (SD) from regional mean ( ) which shows zero value. The original values are also written on the maps to understand the map easily. Conclusion:- In district Bareilly the population growth with spatial and temporal features is variable. Dynamics of population is also flactuable.the highest population growth recorded in Bhojpuri(71.66%) and lowest in kyara(5.51%).the spatial pattern of population growth deviates from71.66% in Bhojpuri block to4.51% in kyara block with coefficient of variation of 16.44%.it is summarized into four groups at interval of ± 1SD (16.44) from the regional mean (29.82 percent )area with very high population growth due to favorable conditions and area with very low population growth due to less or unfavorable conditions but we must know how to control increasing population to better management of population and recourses in district Bareilly. increasing population create many problems such as housing, fooding, unemployment, poverty,traffic, high price value of things due to shortage of supply, corruption, decreasing man-land ratio,crime, pollution etc. which badly effect upon economy and society in district bareilly.By adopting new techniques of family planning, education, high marriage age, entertainment, social awareness about problems by increasing population, etc.We control our population in district Bareilly.
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