Dr Shobha Mishra
Dr. Om Prakash Mishra
Associate Professor – Sansrkit
V.S.S.D. College, Kanpur-2
Bhagvan1 Sri Krishna2 is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He is the Supreme Person and his body is eternal, full of knowledge and bliss .He is the primeval Lord Govind, the cause of all causes.The Sanskrit word Bhagvan1 means The Supreme Personality who possesses all riches, entire strength, entire fame, entire beauty, entire knowledge and entire renunciation is called “Bhagwan”. There are many persons who are very rich, very powerful, very beautiful, very famous, very learned and very much detached, but no one can claim that he is the possessor of all these opulences entirely. Such a claim can be attributed to ‘Krishna’only, and as such he is the supreme personality of Godhead. No living entity, including Brahma, Lord Shiva, or even Narayana, can possess oppulences as fully as Krishna. By analytical study of such possessions, it is concluded in the Brahma-samhita by lord Brahma himself that Lord Krishna is the Supreme personality of Godhead. No one is equal to or above him. He is the primeval Lord, or Bhagwan, known as Govinda, and he is the supreme cause of all causes. It is stated as follows : ‘There are many personalities possessing the qualities of Bhagwan, but Krishna is supreme because none can excel him. He is the supreme person, and his body is eternal, full of knowledge and bliss. He is the primeval Lord Govinds and the cause of all causes.’
In the Srimad Bhagawatamahapuranam3 also there is a list of many incarnations of the supreme personality of Godhead, but Krishna is described therein as the original personality from whom many, many incarnations and personalities of the Godhead expand. It is stated in this way : ‘All the lists of the incarnations of Godhead submitted herewith are either plenary expansions of Supreme Personality of Godhead, but Krishna is the supreme personality of Godhead himself’.
Therefore, Krishna is the original supreme personality of Godhead, the absolute truth, the source of both supersoul and the impersonal Brahman.
In the presence of the supreme person, Arjun’s lamentation for his kinsmen is certainly unbecoming, and therefore Krishna expressed his surprise with the word kutah, wherefrom-
कुतस्त्वा कश्मलमिदं विषमे समुपस्थितम्।
अनार्यजुष्टमस्वर्ग्यमकीर्तिकरमर्जुन!।। श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता 2.2
Such unmanly sentiments were never expected from a person belonging to the civilized class of men known as Aryans. The word Aryan is applicable to persons who know the value of life and have a civilization based on spiritual realization. Persons who are led by the material conception of life do not know that the aim of life is realization of the absolute truth, Vishnu or Bhagvan. Such persons are captivated by the external features of the material world, and therefore they do not know what liberation is. Persons who have no knowledge of liberation from material bondage are called ‘non-Aryans.’ Arjuna was trying to deviate from his prescribed duties, declining to fight, although he was a ‘Kshatriya’, or warrior. This act of cowardice is described as befitting the non-Aryans. Such deviation from duty does not help one in the progress of spiritual life, nor does it even give one the opportunity to become famous in this world. Lord Krishna did not approve of the so called compassion of Arjuna for his kinsmen (Srimadbhagvadgeeta chapter 2 ).
In the 15th chapter of Srimad Bhagvad Geeta 4 The Supreme Lord said : There is a banyan tree which has its roots upward and its branches down and whose leaves are the Vedic hymns. One who knows this tree is the knower of the Vedas-
छन्दांसि यस्य पर्णानि यस्तं वेद स वेदविद्।। श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता 15.11
The entanglement of this material world is compared in the 15th chapter of supreme person to a banyan tree. For one who is engage in fruitive activities, there is no end to the banyan tree. He wanders from one branch to another. The tree of this material world has no end and one who is attached to this tree has no possibility of liberation. The vedic hymns, meant for elevating oneself, are called the leaves of this tree. This tree’s roots are upward because they begin from where Brahma is located, which is the topmost planet of this universe. One should understand this indestructible tree of illusion, and then one can break away from it. This should be understood. The basic principle of devotional service is detachment from material activities and attachment to the transcendental series of the Lord. The root of this material existence is upward. This means that it begins from the total material substance, from the topmost planet of the universe. From there the whole universe is expanded, with so many branches, representing the various planetary systems The fruits are the results of the living entities activities. They include religion, economic development, sense gratification and liberation. One should have a thorough understanding of this imperishable tree.
Now, we have no ready experience in this world of a tree situated with its branches down and its roots upward, but there is such a thing. That tree can be found when we go to a reservoir or water. We can see that the trees on the bank are reflected upon the water – branches down, roots up. In other words, the tree of this material world is only a reflection of the real tree. The real tree is the spiritual world. Reflection of the tree is situated on desire, as the tree’s reflection is situated on water. One who wants to get out of this material existence must know this tree thoroughly, though analytical study. Then he can cut off the relationship with it5.
The branches of this tree extend downward and upward, nourished by the three modes of material nature. The twigs are the objects of the senses, and this tree also has roots going down, bound to the fruitive actions of human society .The real from of this tree cannot be perceived in this world. No one can understand where it ends, where it begins, or where its foundation is. Using the weapon of detachment one must cut down this banyan tree with determination. Thereafter, one must seek that situation from which, having gone, one never comes back. One must surrender to that Supreme Personality of Godhead fro whim everything has begun and is extending since time immemorial. One who is free from illusion, false prestige and false association, who understands the eternal, who is done with material lust, who is freed from the duality of happiness and distress and who knows how to surrender unto the Supreme Person attains to that eternal kingdom .That abode of Mine is not illumined by the sun or moon, nor by electricity. One who reaches it never comes back to this material world. (Srimad Bhagvad Geeta chapter 15.1-5 ).
In the spiritual sky there is no need of sunshine, moonshine or electricity, because all the planets there are self-luminous. We have only one planet in this universe, the sun, which is self-luminous, but all the planets in the spiritual sky are self-luminous. The shining effulgence of all those self-luminous planets (called Vaikunthas) is the shining sky known as the brahmajyoti. Actually, the effulgence is emanating from the planet of Krisna, Goloka Vrindavana. Part of that shining effulgence is covered by this mahat-tattva, the material world. Other than this, the major portion of that shining sky is full of spiritual planets, which are called Vaikunthas, one of which is Goloka Vrindavana. As long as a living entity is in this dark material world, he is in conditional life, but as soon as he reaches the spiritual sky by cutting through the false, perverted tree of this world, he becomes liberated. Then there is no chance of his coming back here.
The living entities in this conditional world are the fragmental parts of Sri Krishna, and they are eternal. But due to conditioned life, they are struggling very hard with the six senses, which include the mind.The living entity in the material world carries his different conceptions of life as the air carries aromas. Thus he takes one kind of body and again quits it to take another.The living entity, thus taking another gross body, obtains a particular type of ear, tongue, nose, and sense of touch, centered about the mind. He thus enjoys a particular set of sense objects.The foolish cannot understand how a living entity can quit his body, or what sort of body he enjoys under the spell of the modes of nature. But one whose eyes are trained in knowledge can see this.The endeavoring transcendentalist, who is situated in self-realization, can see all this clearly. But those who are not situated in self realization, though they may try, cannot see what is taking place.The splendor of the sun, which dissipates the darkness of this universe, is due to Me (Lord Krishna). And the splendor of the moon and the splendor of fire are also from Me (Lord Krishna). I enter into each planet, and by My energy these stay in orbit. I become the moon and thereby supply the juice of life to all vegetables.I am the fire of digestion in every living body, and I am the air of life, outgoing and incoming, by which I digest the four kinds of foods.I am seated in everyone’s heart, and from Me come remembrance, knowledge and forgetfulness. By all the Vedas, I am to be known. I am the compiler of Vedaanta, and I know the Vedas as they are ((Srimad Bhagvad Geeta chapter 15.6-15 )-
सर्वस्य चाहं हृदि संनिविष्टो,
मत्तः स्मृतिर्ज्ञानमपोहनं च।
वेदैश्च सर्वैरहमेव वेद्यो,
वेदान्त.द्वेदविदेव चाहम्।। श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता 15.15
There are two classes of beings, the fallible and the infallible. In the material world every entity is called fallible, and in the spiritual world every entity is called infallible. Besides these two, there is the greatest living personality, the Lord Himself, who has entered into these worlds and is maintaining them.Because I am transcendental, beyond both the fallible and the infallible, and because I am the greatest, I am celebrated both in the world and in the Vedas as that Supreme Person.Anyone who knows Me as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, without doubting, is to be understood as the knower of everything, and he therefore engages himself in full devotional service, O son of Bharata.This is the most confidential part of the Vedic scriptures,O sinless one, disclosed now by Me. Anyone who understands this will become wise, and his endeavors will know perfection ((Srimad Bhagvad Geeta chapter 15.16-20 ).
इति गुह्यतमं शास्त्रमिदमुक्तं मयानघ!।
एतद्बुध्वा बुद्धिमान्स्यात्.त.त्यश्च भारत!।। श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता 15.20
Hence In the 15th chapter of Srimadbhagvadgeeta Bhawan Sri Krishna clearly explains that this is the substance of all revealed scriptures.The one who understands this will become intelligent and perfect in transcendental knowledge.
1. The Shabdakalpadrumah,Third Kanda i&e. Dev Raja Radhakanta. Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi.2002. 471.
2. Amarkosh(Namalinganushasanam). Amarsingh. Editor Haragovind Shastri.The Chowkhambha Sanskrit Series Office, Varanasi-1.1998.10-11
3. Srimadbhagavatmahapuran( Sridhari Teekopetam). Mahrshi Ved Vyasa. Editor Pandit Ramteja Pandeya. The Chowkhambha Sanskrit Prtishthanam,Delhi. 2009. 10-29.
4. Srimadbhagvadgeeta. Mahrshi Ved Vyasa.Gorakhapur Geeta
5. Bhagwad-Gita as it is. His divine grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust, Bombay 1972. Pages 17-18
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